Newsletter

Members’ Notes

AAEBP’s Founding Members are:
Cayuga Home for Children, The Children’s Village, Community Solutions, Inc.,
Evidence-Based Associates, Liberty Resources, Lighthouse Youth Services, NAFI CT, Inc., and VisionQuest

Community Solutions Inc. has received the first SAMHSA “Science-to-Service” Award for both of its Georgia MST operations. CSI has a total of 29 MST teams providing services to 497 youths; 4 BSFT teams helping 179 youths; 2 FFT teams assisting 100 youth. For more information: http//www.samhsa.gov/newsroom/advisories/0709104444.aspx.

VisionQuest & Lighthouse Youth Services are launching a joint replication of Lighthouse’s Independent Living Model in Philadelphia. The Lighthouse program has been running successfully in Cincinnati for over 20 years.

Cayuga Home has recently been licensed by TFC to train agencies to conduct MTFC programs throughout the eastern U.S. Cayuga has operated TFC programs in New York state for more than seven years.

David Olds, founder of Nurse Family Partnership, will be awarded the “Stockholm Prize in Criminology” by the Swedish Government for his pioneering work in developing NFP and facilitating its expansion, worldwide. The ceremony will be held in Stockholm in June, 2008.

Evidence-Based Associates was part of the planning team for the Redirection Project in Florida who received a 2007 Davis Productivity Award. Redirection utilizes two treatment models, MST and FFT. Within two years,
Redirection achieved a $5.8 million cost avoidance for the state, while serving over 500 youth. The Redirection Project is funded by the Florida Legislature and supported by the state’s Department of Juvenile Justice.

Why Implement Evidence-Based Programs?

Because Each Day…
4 children are killed by abuse or neglect.

5 children or teens commit suicide.

8 children or teens are killed by firearms.

192 children are arrested for violent crimes.

383 children are arrested for drug abuse.

1,153 babies are born to teen mothers.

2,261 high school students drop out.

2,411 babies are born into poverty.

2,494 babies are born to mothers who are not high school graduates.

4,017 babies are born to unmarried mothers.

4,302 children are arrested.

17,132 public school students are suspended.

200,000 children are homeless. Kids account for 1 in every 4 of the U.S. homeless population.
“I sat at a desk and I had kids I couldn’t even see….They weren’t tall enough. I wondered, ‘What in the world could you have done?’”
–Mark Reed, Juvenile Court Administrator in Hamilton County, Ohio
The Children’s Defense Fund reports in its 2007 study, “America’s Cradle to Prison Pipeline,” these unfortunate statistics:

About 7 out of 10 public school fourth graders can not read or do math at grade level.
Number of children in foster care in 2005: 506,345 kids.
School Drop Outs in 2005: 1,114,301 kids.

Youth Unemployment Rate: 17%.
Number of Juvenile Arrests: 1,582,068 kids.
Juveniles in Juvenile Facilities: 112,479 kids.
Juveniles in Adult Facilities: 21,130 kids.
Cost to Educate: $8,044 per child, per year.
Cost to incarcerate: $22,523 per child.
Cost of eliminating one placement can fund 6 to 8 youths in evidence-based programs and provide improved outcomes at far less cost, an average of $30,000 less per child.
Youth in evidence-based programs commit up to 50% fewer and less severe crimes.

Children’s Defense Fund: “Education costs less than ignorance, preventive health care far less than emergency rooms, preventive family services less than out-of-home care.” One might add: evidence-based programs cost far less than an at-risk youngster returning to prison.
State Round-Up

California – The nation’s most populous state has dramatically realigned its youth corrections programs by shifting all non-violent juvenile offenders from state to county facilities and personnel, including the responsibility for their custody, parole and treatment. By June the state will have fewer than 2,000 wards, down from 2,500 last July and nearly 10,000 in 1995.

Out of more than 20,000 candidates who could receive evidence-based programs, fewer than 900 juvenile offenders receive treatment. The savings potential, according to Fight Crime: Invest In Kids, if eligible kids were placed in evidence-based programs in California, the potential savings would top $700 million!

Connecticut – The “Constitution State” was one of the states that put 16 and 17 year old kids in adult prisons. After extensive hearings, including a presentation by AAEBP Executive Director Peter Greenwood, the “Raise the Age” Bill was passed by the state Legislature and signed by Governor Jodi Rell. The change, putting kids back under the jurisdiction of the juvenile justice system, will be completed by 2010.

Florida – In July 2007, the Blueprint Commission was created to develop a plan to reform the state’s juvenile justice system. Its recently released Blueprint Report concluded: “Florida should implement only those programs and strategies that are evidence-based, that have been demonstrated to be effective in protecting public safety, while at the same time providing an optimum future for our youth.”

Representative Frank Peterman, Jr. has been named the new Director of Juvenile Justice.

Kentucky – New Secretary of Justice J. Michael Brown said he doesn’t want the word “incarceration” used in connection with juveniles. He stated that the new mission is to offer “rehabilitation.”

Maryland – Department of Juvenile Services’ Secretary Don Devore attended AAEBP’s Board Meeting in Cambridge. He discussed his 2008 Strategic Plan, which includes implementing evidence-based practices such as FFT & MST. The Director of Best Practices will oversee all evidence-based programs.

New York – Gladys Carrion, commissioner of Children & Family Services, said: “We preside over a pipeline to prison.” She noted that a staggering 80% of the youngsters who enter New York’s juvenile facilities—currently 2,000 children are in the state’s system—end up returning or graduating to adult prisons within three years. In some facilities, it works out to a mind-boggling $200,000 a year per juvenile inmate. According to the New York Daily News: “Real reform would be to change the law so that Carrion can shutter these jails immediately and spend the savings on programs for troubled kids that actually work.”

New Jersey – Department of Child Behavioral Health recently put out a Request For Proposals for both MST & FFT services, statewide.

Pennsylvania – Commission on Crime & Delinquency leads the Commonwealth’s effort on justice planning. The Keystone state has consistently been one of the nation’s leaders in providing evidence-based programs.

UNITED STATES DATA
In 2004 (Latest data), over 1,660,000 arrests of juveniles were handled by the juvenile courts. Almost 800,000 were 13 to 15 years old. 1,200,000 were males. Over 1,000,000 were white. Over 500,000 were minorities. 341,300 were detained. 212,000 were adjudicated. 72,500 were placed, and 111,800 were put on probation.

Across studies with a 12 month follow-up period, the average rate of re-arrest for a delinquent or criminal offense was 55%, the average reconviction or re-adjudication rate was 33%, and the average re-incarceration or re-confinement rate was 24%.

Youth ages 16 & 17 constitute nearly 50% of arrests under 18, nearly 40% of delinquency court cases, and more than 50% of juveniles in residential placement.
Outstanding Scholar Mark Lipsey:
“How To Know A Program’s Effectiveness”

Vanderbilt University Professor Mark Lipsey, in a recent presentation to the AAEBP Board and members, outlined three methods for assessing a program’s effectiveness:

1. Evaluating the fidelity of a proven evidence-based program. Although the most effective method of assessment, it is only applicable to Blueprint Model Programs for which fidelity measurement instruments exist.

2. Conducting a formal evaluation. This method involves all of the cost and time needed to establish and collect data on experimental and comparison samples of at least 200 youth each, providing the services, and following-up on them later to determine outcomes.

3. Comparing a program’s characteristics against the “what works” literature using meta-analyses. Although less accurate than those above, this method is much quicker, less expensive and can distinguish between programs that are more effective and those that are less so.

The Director of Vanderbilt’s Institute for Public Policy Studies has developed a “Standardized Program Evaluation Protocol for Services to Probation Youth,” which assigns numerical values to: Primary Service, Supplemental Service, Treatment Amount, Treatment Quality, and Youth Risk Level. He then can compare existing programs against criteria developed from meta-analysis findings about program characteristics to determine which ones produce the most positive effects.
Professor Lipsey concluded his remarks with a review of his work with state juvenile agencies using his meta-analysis comparisons of various programs.

Sherlock Unlocks “The Mystery of the Missing 93%”
Members of AAEBP, dressed as Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson, will be seen everywhere throughout the Blueprints Conference. They are looking for evidence, passing out clues, and advising Blueprints’ attendees to go to the AAEBP Booth in the Exhibit Display Area.

To encourage AAEBP Memberships, anyone who visits the Booth will be eligible for a free photo with Sherlock Holmes. Members of AAEBP’s Board will be available at the Booth to answer questions and help solve “The Mystery of the Missing 93%.”

The Evidence is Clear…Join the Association for the Advancement of Evidence-Based Practice